Vitamin B12 Deficiency: Its Nature, Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Vitamin B12 is one of the necessary vitamins of the body. It is a water soluble vitamin, usually taken in order to prevent low blood levels and address other bodily malfunctions like memory loss, loss of concentration, clogged arteries, male infertility, diabetes, digestive problems and even skin allergies and infections. Aside from these, Vitamin B12 helps to slow down aging, and to boost mood, energy and the performance of one’s immune system. What if one’s body lacks this essential vitamin? The result is simply known as Vitamin B12 Deficiency.

What is it?

Vitamin B12 Deficiency or also known as “cobalamin deficiency” or more popular as “folate deficiency anaemia” is a medical condition where the blood has low levels of the said vitamin which results to low levels of red blood cells.

Usually, a person is more likely to have Vitamin B12 deficiency if he or she has any of the following diseases: Grave’s disease or lupus, gastritis, digestive problems and pernicious anemia. The last disease blocks majority of Vitamin B12 from being processed by the human body.

What are its signs and symptoms?

Vitamin B12 deficiency sounds simple but is actually threatening. The following are the signs and symptoms of B12 deficiency: swollen and inflames tongue, poor eyesight, yellowish complexion, cognitive difficulties particularly in thinking, remembering, responding and reasoning, difficulty with gross motor skills like walking and grasping as worsened by tingling sensations or numbness in the hands and feet and palpitations. But the most common symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency are weakness and fatigue – the affected person tends to feel fragile and easily exhausted.

What are the ways to prevent or cure Vitamin B12 Deficiency?

Vitamin B12 can be taken in various ways. It can be through tablets and injections but the most preferable is the natural way – through its natural sources. Good sources of Vitamin B12 are animal meat, fish as well as egg, milk and other dairy products.

However, according to an online medical page, the average daily recommended amounts of Vitamin B12 must be taken into consideration:

  • 0.4 mcg for infants aging max of 6 months
  • 0.5 mcg for babies 7 to 12 months
  • 0.9 mcg for kids 1 to 3 years old
  • 1.2 mcg for kids 4 to 8 years old
  • Children age 9-13 years: 1.8 mcg

Bear in mind that when it comes to health issues, prevention is always better than cure.